Associate laboratory



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Thematic Area C: Sustainable Technologies and Environmental Systems




1 – Summary of activities

During 2004 activities were developed at different levels, as follows:




  1. Area of Combustion and Fluid dynamics

Studies aiming the development of more efficient systems of combustion were developed , considering aspects related to energy consumption, pollutant emissions or even noise.


  1. Area of forest fires

In this area models for national fuel characterization have been developed, having in mind to contribute for the modelling processes of forest fire propagation.


  1. Area of vehicles for sustainable mobility

In this domain the modelling of hybrid systems of propulsion was developed, aiming to attain optimal systems for the operation of fleets with minimal environment impact and minimal energy consumption.


  1. Environmental Systems

Software was developed to support Ecodesign, and applied to the development of car components. Also life cycle evaluation models, based on input-output economic matrices, were developed and applied. Models to study the carbon dioxide balance in forests were also developed.


  1. Area of Technological Policies and management

Diversified activities were conducted with implications in the contribution to economic growth of scientific and technological knowledge and innovation.


2 – Indicators





 

Area C

Publicações

 

Books (editor)

7

Books (Chapters in books)

 

Papers in International Journals

34

Papers in National Journals

7

Communications in Conferences

 

In international conferences

15

In national conferences

 

Reports

 

Organização de Seminários e Conferências

1

Advanced Training

 

Ph.D. Thesis (concluded)

1

M.Sc. Thesis (concluded)

11

Others

 

Models

 

Computational Applications

1

Pilot Instalations

 

Laboratory Prototypes

 

Patents

 


3 – Publications in 2004




Books Edited (7)


  • M. Heitor (ed.), (2004), “Pensar e fazer engenharia com os mais novos: um ensaio sobre cultura tecnológica para pais e educadores” (in Portuguese), Lisboa: Dom Quixote.

  • D. Gibson, M. V. Heitor and A. Ibarra (eds.), (2004), Knowledge and learning for the Network Society. New York: Purdue University Press.

  • M. Heitor, J.M.B. Brito, M.F. Rollo (eds.), (2004), “Momentos de Inovação e Engenharia em Portugal no século XX” (in Portuguese), Lisboa: Dom Quixote.

  • J. Bento, J. Duarte, M. Heitor and W. Mitchell,(eds.), (2004), Collaborative Design and learning: competence building for innovation. Westport and London: Praeger.

  • José Camacho, P. Ferrão, C. Rodrigues e P.B. d’Uva (eds.), (2004) “Indústria Automóvel Nacional: Explorar Novos Caminhos - O Desafio dos Autointeriores”, (in portuguese), INFORFI.

  • Heitor, M. (ed.), (2004), “Ciências Experimentais”, (in portuguese), Nova Activa Multimédia – Enciclopédia de Consulta, Lexicultural Editores

  • Heitor, M. (ed.), (2004), “Tecnologias”, (in portuguese), Nova Activa Multimédia – Enciclopédia de Consulta, Lexicultural Editores.



Technical papers in International Journals and books (published) (17)





  • A. L. N. Moreira and D. Vaz (2004), Experimental analysis of the effect of flue gas recirculation on NOx emissions in a 0,2 MW liquid fuelled furnace, Journal of the Institute of Energy, September 2004, 77, pp. 59 – 67.

  • M. R. O. Panão and A. L. N. Moreira (2004), Experimental study of the flow regimes resulting from the impact of an intermittent gasoline spray”, Experiments in Fluids, 37, 834 – 855.

  • M. R. O. Panão and A. L. N. Moreira (2004), Experimental study of the flow regimes resulting from the impact of an intermittent gasoline spray”, Experiments in Fluids, accepted.

  • Markovich D.M., Shtork S.I., Semenov V.I., Vasechkin V.N., Bil’skii A.V. and Serant F.A. (2004), Experimental modeling of the internal aerodynamics of power devices. Thermal Engineering, 51 (1), pp. 58-65.

  • P. Ferrão (2004) “Economy’s metabolism: Indicators, scales, and technology”, in: Rethinking Science Systems and Innovation Policies. Edited by J. P. Contzen, D. Gibson and M.Heitor. Purdue University Press.

  • Rui Baptista and A. Roy Thurik (2004). “The Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Employment”, Technological Forecasting and Social Change.

  • Rui Baptista (2004) “Productivity and the Density of Local Clusters” in Innovation Clusters and Inter-regional Competition. Johannes Bröker, Dirk Dohse and Rüdiger Soltwedel (ed.s), The Series in Advances in Spatial Economics, Springer Verläg Publishers.

  • M. Heitor, R. Nunes and P. Conceição (2004). “Technological Change and the challenges for Regional Development: Building ‘social capital’ in Less Favored Regions”, in A. Romano M. Landabaso (eds.), “Social capital, innovation and regional development”, European Commission.

  • M. V. Heitor (2004), “Rethinking Technology Policy and Innovation”, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 71, pp. 549-551.

  • M. V. Heitor (2004), “…in the way of a Manifesto: Competence Building for Innovation”, in J. Bento, J. Duarte, M. Heitor and W. Mitchell (eds.), Collaborative Design and learning: competence building for innovation. Westport and London: Praeger; pp. ix-xxiii.

  • P. Conceição and M. V. Heitor (2004), “Learning through interaction: perspectives for the University”, in J. Bento, J. Duarte, M. Heitor and W. Mitchell (eds.), Collaborative Design and learning: competence building for innovation. Westport and London: Praeger; pp. 13-46.

  • J. Bento, J. Duarte, T. Heitor and M. V. Heitor (2004), “Remote Collaborative Design: Case studies of transatlantic cooperation in engineering and architecture”, in J. Bento, J. Duarte, M. Heitor and W. Mitchell (eds.), Collaborative Design and learning: competence building for innovation. Westport and London: Praeger; pp. 247-263.

  • P. Conceição, M. V. Heitor, G. Sirilli and R. Wilson (2004), “The Swing of the Pendulum from Public to Market Support for Science and Technology: Is the US Leading the Way?”, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 71, pp. 553-578.

  • C. Costa, M. Fontes and M. Heitor (2004), “A Methodological Approach to the Marketing Process in the Biotechnology-based Companies”. Industrial Marketing Management Journal, 33, pp. 403-418.

  • M. Heitor and J. Moutinho (2004) “Digital Cities and the network society: Towards a Knowledge-Based View of the Territory?”, in D. Gibson, M. Heitor and A. Ibarra, Eds., Knowledge and learning for the Network Society. New York: Purdue University Press.

  • M. Heitor and J. Moutinho (2004). “Digital Cities and the opportunities for mobilizing the information society: case studies from Portugal”, in M. Tanabe, P. van den Besselaar and T. Ishida, Eds., Digital Cities III – Computational and sociological approaches. Springer Verlag.

  • Vaccaro A., Foglizzo P., L'energia elettrica tra deregolamentazione e black out, Aggiornamenti Sociali, Luglio Agosto, p.539-550, 2004.

Technical papers in International Journals and books (accepted/submitted) (8)





  • M. R. O. Panão and A. L. N. Moreira (2004), Experimental study of the flow regimes resulting from the impact of an intermittent gasoline spray”, Experiments in Fluids, accepted.

  • M. R. O. Panão and A. L. N. Moreira (2004), “Experimental characterization of intermittent gasoline sprays impinging under cross flow conditions”, Atomization and Sprays, accepted.

  • G.P.J. Dijkema, P. Ferrão, P.M. Herder and M. Heitor (2004) “Trends and Opportunities for Sustainability in the Learning Society”. Paper accepted for publication in the journal: Technological Forecasting and Social Change.

  • P. Ferrão and J. Amaral (2004) “Assessing the economics of auto recycling activities in relation to European Union Directive on End of Life Vehicles”. Paper accepted for publication in the journal: Technological Forecasting and Social Change.

  • P. Ferrão and J. Nhambiu (2004) “The use of EIO-LCA in assessing national environmental polices under the Kyoto protocol: the Portuguese economy”. Paper accepted for publication in the journal: Int. J. of Technology, Policy and Management.

  • J. Amaral, P. Ferrão and C. Rosas (2004) “Is recycling technology innovation a major driver for technology shift in the automobile industry under an EU context?”. Paper accepted for publication in the journal: Int. J. of Technology, Policy and Management.

  • P. Ferrão, P. Nazareth and J. Amaral (2004) “Strategies for meeting EU end-of-life vehicles re-use/recovery targets”. Paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Industrial Ecology.

  • J. Amaral and P. Ferrão (2004) “Design for recycling in the auto industry: new approaches and new tools”. Paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Engineering Design.


Technical papers in National Journals and books (7)


  • P. Ferrão e M Águas (2004). “Ambiente e Energia em Portugal”, em M. Heitor, J.M.B. Brito, M.F. Rollo (eds.), “Momentos de Inovação e Engenharia em Portugal no século XX”, Lisboa: Dom Quixote.

  • Ferrão, P., Ribeiro, P., Costa, I. (2004) “Os RSU em Portugal: Evolução num contexto Europeu”. GoldenBook Resíduos Sólidos. Edição Ambiente Qualidade com o apoio do Ministério do Ambiente.

  • M. Heitor, J.M.B. Brito, M.F. Rollo (2004). “Introdução - Uma perspectiva sobre a evolução da engenharia em Portugal: os momentos de inovação tecnológica”, em M. Heitor, J.M.B. Brito, M.F. Rollo (eds.), “Momentos de Inovação e Engenharia em Portugal no século XX”, Lisboa: Dom Quixote.

  • M. Heitor, H. Horta e P. Conceição (2004). “Do Ensino Técnico ao ensino da engenharia em Portugal”, em M. Heitor, J.M.B. Brito, M.F. Rollo (eds.), “Momentos de Inovação e Engenharia em Portugal no século XX”, Lisboa: Dom Quixote.

  • M. Heitor, H. Horta (2004). “Engenharia e desenvolvimento científico”, em M. Heitor, J.M.B. Brito, M.F. Rollo (eds.), “Momentos de Inovação e Engenharia em Portugal no século XX”, Lisboa: Dom Quixote.

  • P. Conceição e M. Heitor (2004). “Inovar em Portugal”, em M. Heitor, J.M.B. Brito, M.F. Rollo (eds.), “Momentos de Inovação e Engenharia em Portugal no século XX”, Lisboa: Dom Quixote.

  • N. Arantes e Oliveira (2004). “Biotecnologia: poderá a engenharia da vida moldar o nosso futuro?”, em M. Heitor, J.M.B. Brito, M.F. Rollo (eds.), “Momentos de Inovação e Engenharia em Portugal no século XX”, Lisboa: Dom Quixote.



Dissemination papers in newspapers and journals (13)


  • Pinto, M.J., "A Integração Arquitectónica de Energia Solar Fotovoltaica – Casos de Estudo", Arquitectura & Vida, Loja de Imagem, Maio 2004

  • Pinto, M.J., "A Integração Arquitectónica de Energia Solar Fotovoltaica – Conceito de Integração", Arquitectura & Vida, Loja de Imagem, Abril 2004

  • Pinto, M.J., "A Integração Arquitectónica de Energia Solar Fotovoltaica – Aspectos Tecnológicos e Formais", Arquitectura & Vida, Loja de Imagem, Março 2004

  • Pinto, M.J., "Integração Arquitectónica de Energia Solar Fotovoltaica", Energia Solar, Sociedade Portuguesa de Energia Solar, n.53, Jul-Dez 2003 (publicado em Maio de 2004).

  • M. Heitor, e-Ciência, December 2nd, 2004; "Falar de ciência e inovação em Portugal: do atraso à falta de acaso?"

  • M. Heitor, PÚBLICO, November 22nd, 2004, "Será que precisamos de um centro de engenharia para o sector automóvel?"

  • M. Heitor, PÚBLICO, September 27th, 2004, "Promover a Ciência, Questionar a Tecnologia, Gerar Inovação"

  • M. Heitor, PÚBLICO, June 28th, 2004, "Será que podemos aprender a inovar com os outros?"

  • M. Heitor, PÚBLICO, May 24th, 2004, "Tecnologia, globalização e ... que mais?"

  • M. Heitor, PÚBLICO, May 10th, 2004, "Promover o acaso, ou determinar o erro? ...e quando o Estado ensaia o nosso atraso?"

  • P. Ferrão, PÚBLICO, Apr 12th, 2004, "O Hidrogénio, a gestão de resíduos e a produção eco-eficiente de electricidade: Uma oportunidade para Portugal"

  • M. Heitor, PÚBLICO, Mar 15th, 2004, "O PIB, a inovação e o emprego cientifico: um namoro a três para durar?"

  • P. Conceição, PÚBLICO, Mar 08th, 2004, "Aumento da I&D pelas Empresas: A Importância da Desregulação"

  • Pinto, M.J.R., PÚBLICO, Mar 01st, 2004
    "Portugal e as Energias Renováveis: Vale a pena investir na cooperação tecnológica internacional?"

  • M. Heitor, PÚBLICO, Jan 05th, 2004, "Será Oportuno Investir Numa Estratégia Coerente de Inovação?"



B – Comunicações

Technical papers and communications in International Conferences (15)





  • C.E. Cala, E.C. Fernandes, M.V. Heitor, S.I. Shtork (2004), LDA Analysis of PVC-Central Recirculation Zone Interaction in a Model Vortex Burner. Proc. 12th Int. Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, July 12-15, 2004.

  • M. R. O. Panão and A. L. N. Moreira (2004), “Time resolved heat transfer characteristics of spray impinging on hot surface”, 19th Annual Meeting of the ILASS Europe, Setembro 2004.

  • M. R. O. Panão and A. L. N. Moreira (2004),“Flow characteristics of spray impingement in PFI injection systems”, Proc. 12th Int. Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, July 12-15, 2004.

  • H. Loureiro, M. R. O. Panão and A. L. N. Moreira (2004),“ “Simultaneous measurements of droplet characteristics and surface thermal behavior to study spray cooling with pulsed sprays””, Proc. 12th Int. Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, July 12-15, 2004.

  • Cala C.E., Fernandes E.C., Heitor M.V., and Shtork S.I. Study of large-scale vortical structures in a model swirl burner. Proc. 27th Siberian Thermophysical Seminar, October 1-5, 2004, Novosibirsk, Russia (http://www.itp.nsc.ru/conferences/sts27.htm)

  • Cala C.E., Fernandes E.C., Heitor M.V., Shtork S.I., Vieira N. F. (2004), “PVC Dynamics in a model lean-premixed combustor”, Proc. Lean Combustion Technology II: Promise and Practice. Engineering Conferences International, April 25—29, 2004, Tomar, Portugal (http://www.engconfintl.org/4al.html , http://gram.eng.uci.edu/~ghubbard/lean_burn2/ ).

  • M.J.R. Pinto and P. Ferrão (2004), “The Potential for GHG Emissions Reduction of Building-Integrated Photovoltaics”, IEA International Conference – Advances in Technology and Instrumentation to Guarantee the Reduction of GHG Emissions in Different Sectors, Lisbon, October 6, 2004

  • Silva C, Farias T, and Mendes-Lopes J. (2004), “Cold start, part warm start and warm up simulation of vehicles in Ecogest”, FISITA, paper F2004V045, Barcelona, Spain, 23-27 May 2004

  • Rui Baptista and A. Roy Thurik, “The Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Employment”, 3rd International Conference on Entrepreneurship Research, Rio de Janeiro, 11-13 November 2004.

  • Rui Baptista, “Cultural Values and Entrepreneurship”, Columbia Business School, Columbia University, New York, 16 September 2004.

  • Rui Baptista, “Can Policy be Imported? Cultural Differences and Economic Progress: Lessons from Portugal”, Transatlantic Policy Consortium Annual Colloquium, Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at the  University of Texas, Austin, 9-11 September 2004.

  • Rui Baptista, “Culture, Institutions and Government Attitudes Towards New Firm Creation”, Small Business Economics Associate Editors Meeting, Jena, 11 July 2004.

  • Rui Baptista, “Productivity and Local Density”, Nottingham University Business School Seminar Program, University of Nottingham, 20 April 2004.

  • Rui Baptista, “Culture and the Regulation of Entry and Labor”, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group Workshop, Max Planck Institute for Research into Economic Systems, Jena, 15 March 2004.

  • Rui Baptista, “Cultural Differences, Economic Growth and Inequality”, EIM Zoertermeer Workshop, Erasmus University, Rotterdam 11 January 2004.

C – Reports




D – Organization of seminars and workshops


The 12th Symposium was organized during 2004 in order to involve approximately forty formal sessions, involving about 180 technical papers in the following areas: LDV Signal and Data Processing;Two-phase flows instrumentation; Multi-Point Methods; Holographic PIVM; PIV Signal and Data Processing; Scalar diagnostics; Aerodynamic Flows; Biological and Complex Flows; Free Flows and Flames; Free Surface Flows; Wall Flows; Mixers; Separated Flows; Combustion and advanced combustor concepts; Engines; prays for Engines; Turbomachinery; Two-Phase Flows.

These Conferences have been launched in July 1982, in Lisbon, through a close partnership involving Professors Jim Whitelaw, Imperial College, Franz Durst, University of Erlagen, Ron Adrian, University of Illinois, and Diamantino Durão, IST. Since then, the Conferences have been organized in Lisbon, every two years, based on a close collaboration between the Center for Innovation, Technology and Policy Research, IN+, of the Instituto Superior Tecnico in Portugal, and the researchers mentioned before.


E – Advanced Training




PhD Thesis concluded (1)





  • J. Nhambiu 2004: Avaliação do ciclo de vida de produtos com recurso a quadros económicos de entrada-saída: aplicação a Portugal (IST; supervision: P Ferrão)



M.Sc Thesis concluded (11)





  • Ana S. O. H. Moita, 2004:Dynamic behaviour of droplets impacting onto flat surfaces (IST; supervision: A.L.N.Moreira)

  • Nuno Ávila, 2004: Industry-Science Relationships: evidence from Portugal. (IST; supervision: M. Heitor, P Conceição)

  • Miguel Leocádio, 2004: “RAMS” – Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, Safety: Application to Railway Vehicles. (IST; supervision: M. Heitor, M Cruz)

  • Pedro Torres, 2004: Metodologias de Resolução de Congestionamentos: Rede Ibérica de Transporte de Electricidade (IST; supervision: M.J. Rodrigues)

  • José Mangueira, 2004: Politicas de conhecimento e tecnologia no sector energético em países produtores de petróleo: o caso de estudo de Angola (IST; supervision: P Ferrão, R. Santos)

  • João V. Meyer, 2004, “Innovation for Automotive Interior Components, Implications for the Portuguese Industry, (IST; supervision: Paulo Ferrão – IST, DEM)

  • Ana S. Rodrigues Mascarenhas, 2004, “End-of-life Vehicles Infrastructure in Portugal”, (IST; supervision: Paulo Ferrão – IST, DEM)

  • Miguel Amaral, 2004, “Understanding the Implementation of Mobile Technologies Within the Firm: Looking at Individual and Organisational Processes of Change in Selected Case Studies”, (IST; supervision: Manuel V. Heitor, IST, DEM)

  • Joana Mendonça, 2004, “Inovação na Indústria Química: que dependência da codificação de conhecimento?”, (IST; supervision: Manuel V. Heitor – IST-DEM; Pedro Conceição – IST; Rui Baptista – IST-DEG)

  • Miguel Preto, 2004, “Technology Diffusion and Economic Inequality in a Selection of OECD Countries: Does the Augmented Kuznets Hypothesis Help Explain Technology Adoption?”, (IST; supervision: Pedro Conceição – IST; Beatriz Padilla – IST/IN+)

  • Pedro Faria, 2004, “Innovation and Productivity: What can we learn from the CIS III Results for Portugal? ”, (IST; supervision: Pedro Conceição – IST; Beatriz Padilla – IST/IN+)



F – Models




G - Aplicações computacionais





  • Design for environment software



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